What-Who Are ICANN?

November 24, 2011 by  Filed under: Domain 

The term ICANN stands for Internet Corporation for Assigned names and Numbers. ICANN is an internationally organised non-profit corporation that has responsibility for Internet Protocol (IP) address space allocation.

ICANN hold many tasks including managing the assignment of domain names and IP addresses. It should be noted that the majority of this work concerns the introduction of new generic top-level domains. Also the technical work of ICANN is referred to as the IANA function and the rest of the work that is performed by ICANN is mostly concerned with defining policy. One other aspect that ICANN are responsible for is the management of the technical elements of the DNS to ensure universal resolvability so that all users of the Internet can find all valid addresses. The way in which this is done is ICANN oversees the distribution of unique technical identifiers used in the Internet’s operations, and delegation of Top-Level Domain names (such as .com, .info, etc.). ICANN also holds periodic public meetings rotated between continents for the expressed purpose of encouraging global participation in its processes.

The work done by ICANN has brought about many accomplishments such as ICANN has established market competition for generic domain name registration, which resulted in the lowering of domain name costs by 80%, which has saved customers; both individuals and businesses annually. Another accomplishment from ICANN is the fact that they implemented a uniform domain name dispute resolution policy (UDRP), which has been used to resolve more than 5000 disputes over the right to domain names. One last accomplishment, which was reached by ICANN is they adopted guidelines for the development of internationalised domain names. This opened the way for registration of domains in hundreds of world languages.

The overall idea behind ICANN is to respond to the demands of rapidly changing technologies and economies, flexible, readily implemented policy development process originates in the three Supporting Organisations. Advisory Committees from individual user organisations and technical communities work with the Supporting Organisations to create appropriate and effective policies. Over eighty governments closely advise the Board of Directors via the Governmental Advisory Committee.

ICANN’s Board has included citizens of Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Germany, Ghana, Japan, Kenya, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Portugal, Senegal, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

For every computer that connects to the Internet they must have a unique address in order to issue requests as well as to be able to receive information within the Internet. This is so that when a user logs onto the Internet the Internet Service Provider (ISP) assigns an IP address. ISPs are assigned blocks of proprietary IP addresses for their use. The IPs they assign to their customers are pulled from these blocks.

Also in addition to every computer online needing and having a unique address. Every website must also have a unique address. The domain name is only used as a convenience because names are easier for people to remember than a string of numbers; however each name maps back to a specific IP address.

For more information about the work done by ICANN and how you can benefit from it, get in touch with a domain reseller today.

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